Spiritual Feng Shui. What is Spiritual Feng Shui? Top Spiritual Feng Shui Tips

1. What is spiritual feng shui?
2. Benefits of spiritual feng shui
3. What is spirituality?
4. Who advocates and recognises spirituality?
5. Health benefits of spirituality
6. How spirituality actually achieves health benefits?
7. What is spiritual feng shui for?
8. Top tips for spiritual feng shui
9. To sum up and research on benefits of spirituality

What is spiritual feng shui?

Feng shui works on many levels, from physical to emotional to mental and to spiritual. Spiritual feng shui deals with the spiritual aspects of individuals or organisations. In classical and modern feng shui, humans are placed between heaven (spiritual) and earth (material) dimensions. One of the original applications of feng shui was sitting for burial places, so the ancestors’ spirits could rest in peace. Modern feng shui aligns itself with modern spirituality in a holistic understanding of the interaction between environments and individuals.

Watch my talk on Spiritual Feng Shui below

Benefits of spiritual feng shui

Research suggests that when people have organised their homes or workspaces with spiritual understanding and connection they feel better, are happier and perform better.

What is spirituality?

Spirituality is defined as a connection to a spiritual realm that is beyond physical, emotional and mental spheres or aspects of individuals or organisations as well as peace of mind and care and compassion.

Regularly connect with and experience the wonder and energy of existence. The foundation of spiritual health is your personal connection with the wonder and energy of life. From a flower, through a child’s smile, to the awesome night sky, there is a magic and beauty to existence. It is crucial that day-by-day you have times of connecting with this wonder and energy. This is your spiritual fuel. In the Spiritual Health Programme, you will discover your own best ways of making this connection.
Spirituality: Your natural connection with the wonder and energy of life

Peace of mind
By regular mediation or silence, you’ll learn how to manage your spiritual growth to find peace of mind and reduce stress. On your spiritual journey, you become a wiser and better person. Every situation, easy or painful, is an opportunity to become more loving, compassionate and conscious. This is the true foundation of happiness and inner peace. In this programme, you will be guided through how to manage your spiritual growth to find peace of mind.
Spiritual growth: The development of love and consciousness

Care and compassion
Caring for others trigger a feedback loop of wellbeing that nourishes your own body and soul. The third foundation of spiritual health is to give care and love to others. You are part of the web of life, and your spiritual generosity supports everyone’s health. Caring for others triggers a feedback loop of wellbeing that nourishes your own body and soul. In this programme, you will be reminded and shown precisely how to do this.
Compassion: Caring for others while aware of their pain

What is a spiritual or mystical experience?
Spiritual or mystical experiences are characterised by a sense of expanded consciousness, a sense of unity, oneness and wholeness as well as a sense of deeper contact and connection with life and reality. Also, spiritual experiences can offer profound and intuitive wisdom and knowledge. There are different types of spiritual and mystical experiences ranging from a presence and union with personal God (thesis), identity with impersonal Absolute (monistic), pure consciousness event (PCE) and mystical experience of the natural world (natural) and so on. Other characteristics of mystical and spiritual experiences are ego transcendence, all inclusive love, luminosity, bliss, joy, peace of mind, altered states of time and space, sense of presence, heightened attention, enhanced perception, beauty, body feelings and a sense of ‘coming home’.

Your Spiritual Health Programme

Your Spiritual Health Programme

Who advocates and recognises spirituality?

Spirituality is recognised now by health professionals, governments and educational bodies. For example, The Nursing and Midwifery Council expects newly qualified graduate nurses to be able to: “In partnership with the person, their carers and their families make a holistic, person-centred and systematic assessment of physical, emotional, psychological, social, cultural and spiritual needs, including risk, and together, develops a comprehensive personalised plan of nursing care (from Spirituality in nursing care: a pocket guide, Royal College of Nursing, 2011). In a poll of British nurses taken in 2010, 80% felt that spirituality needed to be included in their education.

In mainstream education, the need for a holistic approach that includes spirituality is stated in the first paragraphs of the England and Wales Education Act of 2002 legislate for ‘a balanced and broadly based curriculum which promotes the spiritual, moral, cultural, mental and physical development of children and of society’. The opening sentence in Education Reform Act of 1988, states: “The curriculum for a maintained school (must be) a balanced and broadly based curriculum which – promotes the spiritual, moral, cultural, mental and physical development fo pupils at the school and of society.” Education (Schools) Act 1992, states, “The Chief Inspector for England shall have the general duty of keeping the Secretary of State informed about the spiritual, moral, social and cultural development of pupils at those schools.” Ofsted School Inspection Handbook (January 2015) mentions the word ‘spirituality’ 20 times, for example, “Before making the final judgement on the overall effectiveness, inspectors must also evaluate: the effectiveness and impact of the provision for pupils’ spiritual, moral, social and cultural development.” It’s interesting that historically, learning was conducted within the safe confines of temples, abbeys, convents, monasteries, or other sacred space such as groves.

In May 1984, the Thirty-Seven World Health Assembly adopted resolution WHA37.13, which made the “spiritual dimension” part and parcel of WHO Member States’ strategies for health.

The British Association of Social Workers, in their Code of Ethics for Social Workers (2012), states “Social workers should respect, uphold and defend each person’s physical, psychological, emotional and spiritual integrity and well-being.”

Royal College of Psychiatrists, issued a statement  ‘Spirituality and Mental Health 2014’, where they stressed that “Spirituality emphasises the healing of the person, not just the diseases. It views life as a journey, where good and bad experiences can help you to learn, develop and mature.”

Scottish Executive Health Department issued a directive ‘Spiritual Care and Chaplaincy’ in 2009, stating, “Chief Executives are asked to ensure that this guidance is brought to the attention of all appropriate staff and, in particular, to ensure that: They have appointed a senior lead manager for spiritual care.” and “Spiritual care is usually given in a one-to-one relationship, is completely person-centred and makes no assumptions about personal conviction or life orientation. Spiritual care is not necessarily religious. Religious care, at its best, should always be spiritual.”

The General Medical Council, states “A doctor must adequately assess the patient’s conditions, taking account of their history (including the symptoms and psychological, spiritual, social and cultural factors), their views and values.” (Personal Beliefs and Mecical Practice, 2013, p.1). And there is obviously, the Hippocratic Oath, historically taken by physicians, that requires a new physician to swear, by a number of healing gods, to uphold specific ethical standards.

The United Nations conference on environment and development, The Earth Summit Conference in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 (Agenda 21, 6.2), suggested that “Health ultimately depends on the ability to manage successfully the interaction between the physical, spiritual, biological and economic/social environments.” This sounds like a definition of feng shui where the art, philosophy and science of feng shui merge with spirituality and metaphysics in joined care and compassion for individuals.

Modern spirituality encompasses green values of protecting and caring for the environment which is also included in feng shui as part of its ethos of living in harmony with the local and global environments.

If you want to have a good and practical understanding of modern spirituality, I highly recommend a book by William Bloom, ‘The Power Of Modern Spirituality: How to Live a Life of Compassion and Personal Fulfilment’.

Health benefits of spirituality

There are many benefits of spirituality with a clearly defined relationship between spirituality and medicine and healthcare. People who have a spiritual connection are healthier, happier and live longer. And there is a wealth of rigorous research and evidence demonstrating the benefits of spirituality for physical and mental health as well as wellbeing for individuals and for the wider community. (Obviously, there are risks and bad practice but these are fully acknowledged in the research). There is also an emerging science and physiology that explains the connection. The major study on the benefits of spirituality was done by the Center for Spirituality, Theology and Health at Duke University, under the supervision of Harold G Koenig. In the key paper, Religion, Spirituality, and Health: The Research and Clinical Implications (International Scholarly Research Network Psychiatry Volume 2012, Article ID 278730), Harold G Koenig reviewed over 3,300 studies on health and religion/spirituality with a major conclusion that ‘A large volume of research shows that people who are more religious or spiritual have better mental health and adapt more quickly to health problems compared to those who are less religious/spiritual.” Atheism should come with a health warning.

In another study, where researchers looked at eight decades of research, Michael E McCullough and Brian L B Willoughby, (‘Religion, Self-Regulation, and Self-Control: Association, Explanations and Implications’, Psychological Bulletin, January 2009) demonstrated that, “Believers perform better, had better health and greater happiness, and lived longer than non-believers.’ and that ‘People who were highly religious were, on average, 29% more likely to be alive at any given follow-up point than were less religious people, suggesting 25% reduction in mortality.”

Physical health benefits of spirituality affect coronary heart disease, hypertension, cerebrovascular disease, Alzheimer’s disease and dementia, immune function, cancer, physical functioning, self-rated health, pain and somatic symptoms, and mortality.

List your spiritual gateways that help you connect to the wonder and energies of life and how they make you feel and find ways to represent these in your home or workplace.

Mental health benefits of spirituality include coping with adversity, positive emotions, well-being and happiness, hope, meaning and purpose of life, self-esteem, sense of control, positive character traits, coping with depression and suicidal thoughts, as well as anxiety and psychotic disorders (schizophrenia), bipolar disorder and substance abuse.

On the social level, spirituality benefits society through less delinquency and crime, as well as reducing marital instability, greater care for family support and children, boosting social support and adding improvement to social capital.

And health behaviour benefits of spiritual people include less smoking, better exercise and diet which will affect weight, less alcohol and drug use and more contentment and discernment in terms of sex life.

How spirituality actually achieves health benefits?

There is a science and physiology that suggests how health benefits occur. It’s established that there are five triggers: community, meaning, lifestyle, spiritual practice, and giving care and compassion.

It’s recognised that people who meditate or spend some quiet time on their own reap health and spiritual benefits. For example, 20-min/day of mindfulness will extend your telomeres so you can live longer. Abraham Maslow, who created the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, a theory of psychological health which prioritise the fulfilment of human needs which culminate in self-actualization, self-transcendence or enlightenment, noticed in his study that there was only one common characteristic among self-actualised individuals ie that they spent at least one hour every day on their own, meditating, reflecting, journaling or just walking in a park.

Science and spiritual practices
If you need to know more about the benefits of spiritual practice, I highly recommend the pioneering book by Rupert Sheldrake: Science and Spiritual Practices: Transformative experiences and their effects on our bodies, brains and health, where he shows how science helps validate seven spiritual practices which are:
• mediation,
• gratitude,
• connecting with nature,
• relating to plants,
• rituals,
• singing and chanting and
• pilgrimage and holy places.
Rupert summaries the latest scientific research on the effects when we take part in these practices and how the core practices of spirituality are accessible to all, even if they don’t subscribe to a religious belief system.

Rupert Sheldrake Ways to Go Beyond and Why They Work: Seven Spiritual Practices in a Scientific Age, suggests another seven spiritual practices that are evidence-based which are: 1. The Spiritual Side of Sports 2. Learning from Animals 3. Fasting 4. Cannabis, Psychedelics and Spiritual Openings 5. Powers of Prayer 6. Holy Days and Festivals 7. Cultivating Good Habits, Avoiding Bad Habits, and Being Kind. He also explains why do spiritual practices work. Interesting enough prayer is very similar to the intention which plays an essential role in feng shui. Feng shui = intention (prayer) + energy (grace) + ritual. Also, learning from animals is part of feng shui. In classical feng shui and Chinese astrology, the animal zodiac signs are ways of connecting to archetypical energies of the animal kingdom. There is extensive research on healing and therapeutic effect of animals on humans, for example, cat’s purring healing sound and ‘cat therapy’. Read 2019 – the year of the earth pig

All these seven spiritual practices are part of modern feng shui too. For example, meditation, singing and chanting and gratitude are part of space clearing process; connecting with nature and plants are part of living in harmony with nature and biophilia effect; rituals are key to feng shui and holy and sacred places are good examples of good feng shui.

Indian money plant and air cleansing plant

Indian money plant and air cleansing plant – plants represent growth and flexibility as well as attract positivity

What is spiritual feng shui for?

By definition, the function of spiritual feng shui is not for personal aspects because spiritual is transpersonal. Spiritual feng shui is designed for higher values and aspirations. Spiritual feng shui is to help you connect with spiritual dimensions and realms and anchor them in your home or workplace. Having said that, spiritual feng shui can affect your personal life. By having a spiritual perspective on life, your personal and professional life can become easier, less self-centred and more productive and fulfilling because there will be less self-inflicted suffering and more balance and harmony. It is said, that one of the greatest sufferings is when your soul is in a collision with your personality. The function of spiritual feng shui is to balance your personal needs and wants with your spiritual needs. Ultimately, spiritual feng shui is for creating a holistic space to nourish your soul at home or workplace – from the inside and the outside – so it covers your spirit, your body, your home, the planet and the universe as a whole.

Feng shui as a spiritual discipline

Feng shui is a spiritual discipline. Originally, when feng shui was conceived, it was used for cementers, burial places and spirits. And it was part of the trinity of luck: heaven’s luck (spiritual), human luck (your skills, mindsets, beliefs, etc) and earth luck (feng shui).
salt lamp

Himalayan salt lamp

How to create sacred space in your home and workplace or business
Although sacred spaces are usually associated with holy grounds, churches, mosques, temples or power places, creating a sacred space in your one’s home is found in many cultures and traditions. For example, in Hindu tradition, every home and business should have an altar with different Indian deities and spiritual teachers, ideally facing east. In the Buddhist tradition, people have little altars with statues of Buddha and some spiritual artefacts or symbols. In Christian tradition, people hang crosses above the door to mark a sacred space of one’s home as well as have pictures of saints or Virgin Mary around the house. A lot of hotel rooms in the world have a copy of the Bible which supposed to create a sacred or religious vibe. But any book that helps you connect to larger life has an essence of spirituality. If you’re not religious or spiritual, you can have plants, flower or some nature (crystals, minerals) to connect you to a larger life or anything that works for you. For example, Himalayan salt lamps are a simple and practical artefact that can mark your connection to nature. Light is traditionally associated with wisdom and knowledge so using good lighting or natural light is good feng shui and good design.

What can trigger spiritual or mystical experiences

Spiritual and mystical experiences are very common and most people have experienced expanded states of consciousness. From feng shui and environmental psychology perspectives, nature and Biophilia effect are good examples of environmental triggers or settings where spiritual and mystical experience can take place.

Top tips for spiritual feng shui

Modern, person-centred spirituality acknowledges and recognises that people have different ways or gateways to connect to the wonder and beauty of life. For example, some people get the spiritual connection just by walking their dog in a park, some reading a book, some watching their favourite programme with family or friends, some cooking or having a bath. A spiritual connection can happen anywhere, and it is not dependent on any specific setting or practice such as meditation, contemplation or prayer which are regarded as typical spiritual practices.

Top feng shui tips and ideas to deepen your spiritual connection and to connect with your inner self as well as the wonders and energies of life:
1) Create a sacred space that has spiritual connotations and brings a spiritual connection to your life. This could be a physical reminder in the form of a place on your bookshelf with things that have spiritual meaning or a little altar or pooja mandir temple, etc.
2) Having a quiet place where you can sit still, contemplate and meditate or do your own spiritual practice would embed positive energies and create a morphic field where over time it will be easier and easier to have some sacred space for yourself.
3) Have some sacred objects and these can be just simple reminders of connection to nature such as stones or crystals or religious type objects, crosses, or pictures of saints or holy men/women. Remember, any object that reminds you of your specific gateway to your spiritual connection is a good, if not better, than anything that others might consider sacred objects. List your spiritual gateways and how they make you feel and find ways to represent these in your home or workplace as reminders and anchors (nudges). Feng shui = intention + energy + ritual.
4) Bring reverence to nature in your home. Images, posters, pictures depicting nature will help as a reminder. Biophilia effect is your connection to the wonder of the world and life’s energies.
5) Recognise wabi-sabi in your home or workplace. Seeing the beauty in the imperfection of your home or workplace will connect you to the physical world more.
6) Bring more curvilinearity as opposed to angularity. According to research round and oval shapes are more associated with spiritual and energetic aspects of life as opposed to square or rectangular shapes which are more associated with the material world.
7) Light and fire are associated with the spiritual realm (probably because plasma makes up 99.9% of the universe). Make sure that you have good illumination at home and plenty of good and healthy lighting (no fluorescent and energy-saving light bulbs). Candles, incense and fireplaces are good spiritual connectors and activators but don’t overdo them since they do pollute the air. My personal favourites are plasma balls and Himalayan salt crystal lamps.
8) Perform regular space clearing rituals and ceremonies to purify your home and workplace.
9) Add fractal designs and patterns. Fractals are infinite patterns to can remind us of the wonder of this world and its infinite possibilities.
10) Visit some local power places or sacred sites to feel the presence of the connection to the wonder and energies of life or do forest bathing.
11) Create a healthy home by avoiding and minimising environmental stressors such as geopathic stress, electromagnetic pollution, dirty electricity, etc to echo old Latin wisdom of ‘Mens sana in corpore sano’ – “a healthy mind in a healthy body”.
12) Your gateways to your spiritual connection ………….
Spend a few minutes thinking about your spiritual gateways, how they make you feel, write them down. It could be anything, anyone, anytime or place or activity that makes you feel at ease, embodied and connected to life, eg looking at art, listening to music, swimming, sunbathing, running, holding a baby, dreaming, etc that make you feel… eg at ease, peaceful, blissful, mindful, happy, joyful, active, enlightened, present, alive, in the flow, relaxed, energised, safe, etc. In the next few weeks or months find ways to represent these spiritual connections in your home or workplace as reminders and anchors for these events and affects to help you become more spiritual (as demonstrated by Noble prize-winning ‘nudge theory’). Feng shui = intention + energy + ritual.
13) Sound is one of feng shui intervention and usually it is used in the form of windchimes and other remedies that produce southing sounds. Music is also used in feng shui as a background sound for space clearing and calming effect. Research at McGill University in Canada suggests that music can boost your immunity because it increases the levels of antibodies that protect from infections. An analysis of over 400 studies in 2013 suggests that immunoglobulin A (IgA) an anti-body found in mucus membranes was found in higher quantities after listening to music. People who listen to music also had higher number of natural killer cells that are responsible for killing bacteria and other pathogens. Daniel Letiven, the lead psychologist researcher thinks that the effect is related to a reduction in cortisol, the stress hormone (which is known to suppress the immune system), when listening to music.

PANTONE 19-4052 Classic Blue

PANTONE 19-4052 Classic Blue – the colour of 2020

To sum up

Spirituality is not dependent on spiritual feng shui because it includes it. To develop one’s spirituality, one just needs to do spiritual practice which practically can be done anywhere. Of course, it’s helpful to have a nice, supportive and harmonious environment for your spiritual practice. That’s where spiritual feng shui plays a role – your home or workplace environment that reflects your spiritual values, your spiritual intelligence and reminds you with physical anchors and triggers to be present, mindful, peaceful, caring and connected to the wonder and energies of life.

Jan Cisek has an Ofqual accredited diploma in Practical Spirituality and Wellness which is an evidence-based discipline and also works as a Spiritual Health Mentor. More info about Spiritual Health Mentor

Your Spiritual Health Programme
To have a taste of Your Spiritual Health Programme – download the editable pdf and go through it. You can edit it and add your insights, etc.

Book your spiritual feng shui session 

Research on spirituality and benefits

Berman, M. G. & Jonides, J., & Kaplan, S. (2008). The cognitive benefits of interacting with nature. Psychological Science, doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02225.x
Bouckaert, L. & Zsolnai, L. (2011). Spirituality and Business. In: Bouckaert L., Zsolnai L. (Eds.), Handbook of Spirituality and Business. London: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230321458_1
Bryndin, E. & Bryndina, I. (2019). Hygiene and Endoecology, Light Bioenergy and Natural Ecology, Balanced Mentality and Spiritual Life as Criterion of Health. Journal of Medical Research and Health Sciences, doi:10.15520/jmrhs.v2i2.26
Cook, C. H, Powell, A. & Sims, A. (2009). Spirituality and Psychiatry. Cambridge: Royal College of Psychiatrists.
Chanda, M. L. & Levitin, D. J. (2013). The neurochemistry of music. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, doi:10.1016/j.tics.2013.02.007
Education Reform Act (1988). https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1988/40/contents. Accessed 2 December 2002.
Ernest. J. E. (1984). Feng-shui, or, The Rudiments of Natural Science in China. Singapore: Graham Brash.
Holly J. & Everett, H. J. (2002). Roadside Crosses in Contemporary Memorial Culture. Denton, Texas: University of North Texas Press.
Gould, H. (2019). Domesticating Buddha: Making a Place for Japanese Buddhist Altars (Butsudan) in Western Homes. Material Religion, doi:10.1080/17432200.2019.1632107
Granziera, P. (2012). The Worship of Mary in Mexico: Sacred Trees, Christian Crosses, and the Body of the Goddess. Toronto Journal of Theology, doi:10.3138/tjt.28.1.43
Harizan, S. H. M. & Rahman, W. A. W. (2016). A Spirituality of Green Purchase Behavior: Does Religious Segmentation Matter? Journal of Research in Marketing, doi:10.17722/JORM.V6I3.156
Hudson, K. (2013). Holistic Dwelling: Integrating Biophilic Design, Environmental Psychology and Feng Shui. PHD Doctoral dissertation https://www.academia.edu/24892979/Holistic_Dwelling_integrating_biophilic_design_environmental_psychology_and_feng_sh Accessed 30 November 2020
Hung, K., Wang, S. & Tang, C. (2015). Understanding the normative expectations of customers toward Buddhism-themed hotels: A revisit of service quality. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management. doi:10.1108/IJCHM-12-2012-0264
Kaplan S. (1995). The restorative benefits of nature: toward an integrative framework. Journal of Environmental Psychology, doi:10.1016/0272-4944(95)90001-2
Koenig, H. G. (2012). Religion, Spirituality, and Health: The Research and Clinical Implications. International Scholarly Research Network Psychiatry. doi:10.5402/2012/2787
Lam, K. Y. L. (2008). Recovering the Sense and Essence of Place: The Eastern Practice of Feng Shui and its Role in Western Architecture. A thesis presented to the University of Waterloo in fulfillment of the thesis requirement for the degree of Master of Architecture. Waterloo, Ontario. https://uwspace.uwaterloo.ca/bitstream/handle/10012/4172/LAM_KELLY_M.Arch_Thesis.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y Accessed 1 December 2020
Manek, N. J. (2012). Symmetry States of the physical space: an expanded reference frame for understanding human consciousness. Journal of alternative and complementary medicine, doi:10.1089/acm.2011.0604
Matos, L.C., Santos, S., Anderson, J., Machado, J., Greten, H., & Monteiro, F. (2017). Instrumental Measurements of Water and the Surrounding Space During a Randomized Blinded Controlled Trial of Focused Intention. Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine, doi:10.1177/2156587217707117
McCullough, M. E. & Willoughby, B. L. B. (2009). Religion, Self-Regulation, and Self-Control: Association, Explanations and Implications. Psychological Bulletin, doi:10.1037/a0014213
United Nations Conference on Environment & Development. Rio de Janerio, Brazil (1992). https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/Agenda21.pdf, Accessed 2 December 2002.
Uriu, D. & Okude, N. (2010). ThanatoFenestra: photographic family altar supporting a ritual to pray for the deceased. In Proceedings of the 8th ACM Conference on Designing Interactive Systems (DIS ’10). Association for Computing Machinery, doi:/10.1145/1858171.1858253
Yeah, B. S. A. (1991). The Control of “Sacred” Space: Conflicts Over the Chinese Burial Grounds in Colonial Singapore, 1880–1930. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, doi:10.1017/S002246340000389
Mill, J. E. (1992). Spiritual Landscape: A Comparative Study of Burial Mound Sites in the Upper Mississippi River Basin and the Practice of ‘Feng Shui’ in East Asia (Korea, China, Sitting Patterns), Doctoral dissertation, University of Minnesota. UMI.
Nelson, J. (2008). Household Altars in Contemporary Japan: Rectifying Buddhist “Ancestor Worship” with Home Décor and Consumer Choice. Japanese Journal of Religious Studies, 35(2), 305-330.
Paton, M. (2013). Five Classics of Fengshui: Chinese Spiritual Geography in Historical and Environmental Perspective. Boston: Brill.
Pretty J. (2004). How nature contributes to mental and physical health. Spirituality and Health International, doi:10.1002/shi.22
Rogers, M. & Wattis, J. P. (2005). Spirituality in nursing practice. Nursing Standard, doi:10.7748/ns.29.39.51.e9726
Raschid, M. Y. M., Roslina Sharif, R. & Choong, O. S. (2015). Hindu Residents’ Satisfactions on Residential Unit Spatial Layout of Low-Cost Flat Housing, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Design and Architecture, University Putra Malaysia Physical Resources Department, Taylor’s University College, Malaysia, Alam Cipta, Vol 8 (2). https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/153816028.pdf Accessed 20 Novemeber 2020
Royal College of Nursing (2001). Spirituality in Nursing Care: A Pocket Guide. London: Royal College of Nursing.
Royal College of Psychiatrists (2014). https://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/docs/default- source/improving-care/better-mh-policy/college-reports/college-report- cr186.pdf?sfvrsn=15f49e84_2 Accessed 2 December 2002.
Sheldrake, R. (2018). Science and Spiritual Practices: Reconnecting through direct experience. London: Coronet.
Sheldrake, R. (2019). Ways to Go Beyond and Why They Work: Seven Spiritual Practices in a Scientific Age. London: Coronet.
Spiritual Companions Trust (2018). Your Spiritual Health Programme. Glastonbury: Spiritual Companions Trust.
Teather, E. K. & Chow, C. S. (2000). The Geographer and the Fengshui Practitioner: So close and yet so far apart? Australian Geographer, doi:10.1080/713612250
The General Medical Council (2013). https://www.gmc-uk.org/ethical-guidance/ethical- guidance-for-doctors/good-medical-practice Accessed 2 December 2002.
Thirty-seventh World Health Assembly, Resolution WHA37.13. (19984). Geneva: World Health Organization; 1984. WHO document WHA37/1984/REC/1:6.

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